Trina Solar Limited (TSL) ("Trina Solar" or the "Company"), a leading integrated manufacturer of solar photovoltaic ("PV") products, announced its financial results for the third quarter of 2012.
Third Quarter 2012 Financial and Operating Highlights
Solar module shipments were approximately 380 MW during the third quarter of 2012, representing a decrease of 9.2% from the second quarter of 2012
Net revenues were $298.0 million, a decrease of 13.9% from the second quarter of 2012
Gross profit was $2.4 million, a decrease of 91.9% from the second quarter of 2012
Gross margin was 0.8%, compared to 8.4% in the second quarter of 2012, and included a non-cash inventory write-down totaling $13.3 million and a reversal of prior provision for anti-dumping and countervailing duties (AD/CVD) in the United States totaling $25.8 million
The Company had no incremental accounts receivables provision, compared to $44.1 million in the second quarter of 2012
Operating loss, including one-time tax and organization restructuring charges totaling $15.2 million, was $76.0 million, compared to $78.6 million in the second quarter of 2012
Operating margin was negative 25.5%, compared to negative 22.7% in the second quarter of 2012
Net loss was $57.5 million, compared to $92.1 million in the second quarter of 2012
Loss per fully diluted American Depositary Share ("ADS") were $0.81, compared to $1.30 in the second quarter of 2012 (each ADS represents 50 ordinary shares)
"Our third quarter sales were adversely impacted by the ongoing supply-demand imbalance in the global PV industry, high inventories and the irrational pricing practices by some competitors in the market," said Mr. Jifan Gao, Chairman and CEO of Trina Solar. "These factors contributed to declines in our average selling prices, despite cost improvements of our key materials. Higher historical costs of our inventory also contributed to the low gross margin and net loss in the third quarter. In response to this challenging operating environment, we focused our efforts on retaining quality customers and maximizing operating cash flow, which resulted in improvements in trade receivables and inventory balance from the previous quarter.
"As recently announced, we have also successfully implemented two major initiatives. During the third quarter, we conducted the restructuring of our global business into distinct modules and systems business units. We believe this will allow us to more efficiently manage operating costs for product development to address increasing PV solar end-use applications and geographic expansion, as well as to grow our project systems as a percentage of our total business. In conjunction with this restructuring, we performed a top-down review of our operations to reallocate and reduce our headcount and other operating expenses. These initiatives address current industry conditions as well as the shift in regional demand and changes to our customers' business models as a result of the increasingly attractive economics of solar energy for utility scale applications.
"We remain committed to improving the quality of our products, as well as our manufacturing process and performance. In the third quarter, we received the Carbon Footprint Verification from the British Standards Institute, which affirms that we comply with international best practices in carbon accounting, demonstrating our commitment to sustainable development. More recently, our commitment to quality was reflected by a certification from Underwriters Laboratories' ("UL") Client Test Data Program, which will allow Trina Solar to conduct UL-standard testing to accelerate market delivery of our latest technology-driven innovations and products."
Recent Business Highlights
During the third quarter of 2012, the Company:
Announced the appointment of Mr. Henry Chow to its board of directors. Prior to his retirement from IBM in 2009, Mr. Chow served in numerous executive positions in the Asia Pacific region, and was most recently general manager and then chairman of the IBM Greater China Group. He also served on IBM's Worldwide Management Council and its Strategy Team, a group of senior IBM executives responsible for advising, reviewing, and formulating IBM's business strategy. Mr. Chow currently serves as a non-executive director to AMD, a semiconductor company based in the United States.
Announced the availability of its newest line of high performance solutions, Trinasmart. Trinasmart combines the Company's award-winning high performance modules with new optimizing and monitoring technologies to deliver a comprehensive solution to maximize roof space and overall power output, resulting in better project economics for both customers and installers.
Announced a new Ontario, Canada sales and business development office as the Company also announced a partnership with Silfab Ontario, enabling Trina Solar to offer world-class modules that are locally-manufactured to the Canadian market.
Announced the completion of the first large-scale rooftop PV system in Switzerland to use the Company's high-performance Honey modules. The system, deployed on the roofs of Sagewerke Christen AG's production and storage buildings in Luthern in the canton of Lucerne, has an installed capacity of 900kWp and produces up to 6,000kWh of solar energy per day. This installation makes the company the first self-sufficient and carbon neutral sawmill in Switzerland.
Announced a new sales and business development presence in Santiago, Chile. The Company's coverage now encompasses all of the Americas, including the United States, Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean, Central and South America.
Held its 2012 annual general meeting of shareholders on September 7, 2012.
Announced the U.S. launch of Trina Solar Partner Plus, a partnership loyalty and incentive program that provides tools to help solar installers grow their businesses.
Announced its plans to streamline its organizational structure to manage its business operations more efficiently. The initiatives include separating the Company's PV module and systems business units and adopting an operating expense reduction program.
Announced that it has published its 2011 Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Report.
Subsequent to the third quarter of 2012, the Company:
Announced that its APMEA (Asia Pacific, Middle East and Africa) headquarters in Singapore had began formal operations.
Announced it obtained Carbon Footprint Verification for the Company's solar PV modules from the British Standards Institution (BSI), a leading international standards and certification body. The verification process involved assessing the Company's carbon footprint throughout various stages of the of the life cycles of our products, suggesting the carbon payback time for our products given reasonable assumptions on the carbon offset potential of the modules during their usage period.
Announced the duty rates determined by the U.S. Department of Commerce in the AD/CVD investigations on crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells, whether or not assembled into modules, from China, and that the U.S. International Trade Commission (the "ITC") also made negative findings with regard to critical circumstances in this investigation, such that no retroactive duties would be imposed on Trina Solar. The Company also announced that it is currently evaluating whether it is necessary and prudent to appeal these final determinations issued by the ITC.
Announced that it obtained the Client Test Data Program certification from UL. The Company is the first global solar PV company to receive this certification, which will allow it to independently conduct testing programs and issue UL-recognized test data without the on-site presence of UL-dispatched engineers.
Third Quarter 2012 Results
Net revenues in the third quarter of 2012 were $298.0 million, a decrease of 13.9% sequentially and 38.2% year-over-year. Total shipments were 380.3 MW, compared to 418.8 MW in the second quarter of 2012 and 370.1 MW in the third quarter of 2011. The sequential decrease in shipments was caused by a continued supply-demand imbalance and the decrease in revenue resulted from the effect of this imbalance on market pricing and commercial terms.
Gross Profit and Margin
Gross profit in the third quarter of 2012 was $2.4 million, compared to a gross profit of $29.0 million in the second quarter of 2012 and $52.0 million in the third quarter of 2011. Gross profit during the third quarter of 2012 includes a $25.8 million reversal of prior provisions for AD/CVD in the United States, relating to the ITC's decision to not impose duties retroactively due to the lack of evidence for critical circumstances. Gross profit during the third quarter of 2012 includes a provision of $13.3 million for non-cash inventory write-down.
Gross margin was 0.8% in the third quarter of 2012, compared to 8.4% in the second quarter of 2012 and 10.8% in the third quarter of 2011. The sequential decrease in gross margin was due primarily to higher inventory carrying costs and inventory write-down in connection with decreasing average selling price of modules; the year-on-year decrease in gross margin was due primarily to declines in the average selling price of modules that exceed reductions in cost.
The impact of the inventory write-down on the Company's gross margin was 4.5% in the third quarter of 2012.
Operating Expense, Income and Margin
Operating expenses in the third quarter of 2012 were $78.3 million, a decrease of 27.2% sequentially and an increase of 3.8% year-over-year. The Company's operating expenses, which included one-time tax and organization restructuring charges totaling $15.2 million, represented 26.3% of its third quarter net revenues, a decrease from 31.1% in the second quarter of 2012 and an increase from 15.7% in the third quarter of 2011. The sequential percentage decrease was primarily due to decrease in provision made to account receivables in the third quarter of 2012 while the year-to-year percentage increase was primarily due to the decrease in net revenues. Operating expenses in the third quarter of 2012 included $1.1 million in share-based compensation expenses, compared to $2.7 million in the second quarter of 2012 and $2.0 million in the third quarter of 2011.
As a result of the foregoing, operating loss in the third quarter of 2012 was $76.0 million, compared to an operating loss of $78.6 million in the second quarter of 2012 and an operating loss of $23.5 million in the third quarter of 2011. Operating margin was negative 25.5% in the third quarter of 2012, compared to negative 22.7% in the second quarter of 2012 and negative 4.9% in the third quarter of 2011.
Net Interest Expense
Net interest expense in the third quarter of 2012 was $13.8 million, compared to $9.3 million in the second quarter of 2012 and $9.7 million in the third quarter of 2011. The sequential increase in net interest expense was primarily due to an increase in average bank borrowings in the third quarter of 2012.
Foreign Currency Exchange
The Company had a foreign currency exchange gain of $18.2 million in the third quarter of 2012, which included changes in fair value of derivative instruments, compared to a net loss of $22.5 million in the second quarter of 2012 and a net gain of $0.4 million in the third quarter of 2011. This net gain was primarily due to the appreciation of the Euro against the U.S. dollar during the third quarter of 2012, augmented by gains from foreign currency hedging contracts used by the Company to mitigate its foreign currency risk exposure.
The Company continued to mitigate the effects of foreign exchange rate volatility during the third quarter of 2012 by using hedging contracts involving the Euro, Renminbi, and U.S. dollar.
Income Tax Benefit and Expense
Income tax benefit was $11.7 million in the third quarter of 2012, compared to income tax benefit of $16.1 million in the second quarter of 2012 and $2.9 million in the third quarter of 2011. The income tax benefit in the third quarter of 2012 was primarily the result of a deferred tax benefit recognized in connection with the net operating losses incurred in the quarter.
Net Loss and EPS
As a result of the foregoing, net loss was $57.5 million in the third quarter of 2012, compared to net loss of $92.1 million in the second quarter of 2012 and $31.5 million in the third quarter of 2011.
Net margin was negative 19.3% in the third quarter of 2012, compared to negative 26.6% in the second quarter of 2012 and negative 6.5% in the third quarter of 2011.
Loss per fully diluted ADS were $0.81 in the third quarter of 2012. The impact of the third quarter provision for non-cash inventory write-down was approximately negative $0.19, while the effect of the foreign currency exchange net gain was approximately $0.26, per ADS.
As of September 30, 2012, the Company had $703.4 million in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, and a working capital balance of $360.6 million. Total bank borrowings were $1,120.8 million, of which $431.0 million were long-term borrowings. The Company decreased its short-term borrowings by $44.0 million to approximately $689.7 million as of September 30, 2012.
During the third quarter of 2012, the Company also repurchased $14.9 million of its senior convertible notes due July 2013, which resulted in a gain of $1.8 million.
Shareholders' equity was $969 million as of September 30, 2012, a decrease from $1.02 billion at the end of the second quarter of 2012.
Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2012 Guidance
During the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company expects to ship between 380 MW to 400 MW of PV modules.
The Company believes its overall gross margin for the fourth quarter, taking into account wafer and cell quantities outsourced from third party suppliers to meet demand in excess of its internal capacity and other needs, will be approximately similar to that in the third quarter of 2012. Such guidance is based on the exchange rate between the Euro and U.S. dollar as of November 22, 2012. For the full year 2012, the Company revises its expectations for total PV module shipments to be between 1.55 GW to 1.6 GW, compared to its previous guidance of 1.75 to 1.8 GW.
Operations and Business Outlook
In the third quarter of 2012, the Company continued its efforts to reduce non-silicon manufacturing costs in order to meet its previously announced 2012 target of below $0.50 per watt. Non-silicon manufacturing costs in the third quarter of 2012 were $0.54 per watt, compared to $0.52 per watt in the second quarter of 2012. The sequential increase in non-silicon manufacturing costs were primarily due to under-utilization of the Company's in-house manufacturing capacities, which were partially offset by improved supply chain costs, as well as from increases in the Company's module efficiencies and improvements in its manufacturing processes.
Through its diversified range of short, medium and long-term supply agreements, the Company will continue to maintain competitive silicon costs relative to current market prices.
As a result of renegotiating a significant portion of its long-term silicon supply agreements, the Company continues to expect a sequential reduction in its manufacturing costs in the fourth quarter of 2012.
2012 Manufacturing Capacity
As of September 30, 2012, the Company's annualized in-house ingot and wafer production capacity remained approximately 1.2 GW and its PV cell and module production capacity remained approximately 2.4 GW.
The Company has established new sales and business development offices in Ontario, Canada, to serve the Canadian market, and in Santiago, Chile, to cover Central and South America. In addition, the Company's APMEA (Asia Pacific, Middle East and Africa) headquarters in Singapore has begun formal operations.
The Company has entered into framework agreements with local municipal governments for multi-year power plant development projects in all four of its commercial operating regions. Commencement of the projects is expected in 2013 and 2014, but is conditional upon a number of factors, some of which are beyond the Company's control, such as the availability of network transmission and interconnection facilities, and the attainment of certain project rights, including land use rights and the right to access local manufacturing facilities.
Further, the Company has recently entered into a long-term land use rights lease agreement with authorities in Eastern China, for the development of a large-scale, multi-phase utility project, which is expected to commence in 2013.
To overcome the challenges of the increasingly competitive operating environment in today's PV industry and achieve sustainable development, the Company recently conducted initiatives across its global operations to streamline its organizational and management structure. These initiatives include the reorganization of its module and projects systems operations into separate business units, while adopting an operating expense reduction program, which included company-wide headcount reductions.